Chronology of Lortzing's Life

Note: This chronology table is copied from the old Albert Lortzingwebsite. Links to other pages of my website don't work yet, I will repair this ASAP


Period before Lortzing's birth

(1775-1801)

Youth
and years of apprenticeship

1801-1826)

Period
in Detmold

1826-1833)

Leipzig

(1833-1846)

Vienna

(1846-1848)

Again:
an actor and last period in Berlin

(1849-1851)


Year Events concerning
Lortzing's life
Other significant
musical events
Concurrent events in political
and cultural history
1775 12-05: * Johann Gottlob Lortzing, father of Albert in Berlin    
1779 06-04: * Charlotte Sophie Seidel, mother of Albert in Berlin    
1789   J. Haydn: Quartets Opp.54 and 55.  14-07: French Revolution. (till 1794)

(A): Goethe: Torquato Tasso
1790   W.A. Mozart: Cosi fan tutte;
J. Haydn in London.
(H): I. Kant: Kritik der Urteilskraft (Critique of Judgment)
1791   Mozart: Die Zauberflöte, Requiem,
Haydn: London symphonies.


05-12: + W.A. Mozart
(H): Am. Bill of Rights.
1800  18-04: * Bertha Elise Lortzing, sister of Albert     
1801 23-10: * Gustav Albert Lortzing born in Berlin; Breite Straße 12. 11-01: + Domenico Cimarosa

03-11: * Vincenzo Bellini
01-12: * Christian Dietrich Grabbe

07-12: * Johann Nepomuk Nestroy
1803   24-07: * Adolphe Adam   
1804   16-06: +Johann Adam Hiller  20-05: Napoleon emperor of France 
1805   20-11: Beethoven's "Fidelio", first performed in Vienna. 09-05: + Friedrich Schiller

(A): Publ. of "Des Knaben Wunderhorn" by Ludwig Arnim (1781 - 1831 ) and Clemens Brentano (1778 - 1842)
1806   Beethoven: 4th symphony, violin concerto, Sonata Op. 57. 01-08: Abdication Franz II; formal dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire (962 - 1806)

14-10: Defeat of Prussia at the twin battles of Jena and Auerstadt. By the winter of 1806/1807 only Britain and Russia could still stand up to France.

(H): Lewis and Clark reach Pacific. 
1807   Beethoven: 5th symphony, Coriolanus overture. (H): First commercial steamboat (Fulton); Streets in London lighted by gas.

(H): Hegel: Phänomenologie des Geistes (Phenomenology of the Spirit).

10-11: * Robert Blum
1808     (A): Goethe "Faust", part I

(H): Between 1808 - 1812: publication of anti-Napoleon periodicals "Die Biene" and (since 1811) "Die Grille" by August von Kotzebue.
1809 12-03: + Bertha Elise Lortzing, sister of Albert.  03-02: * F. Mendelssohn Bartholdy

31-05: + J. Haydn
Beginnings of revolt against Napoleonic domination (Andreas Hofer, Ferdinand Schill) 
1810   08-06: * R. Schumann 

09-06: * O. Nicolai
27-03: * Adolf Glaßbrenner

(A); Sir Walter Scott (1771 - 1832): "The Lady of the Lake".
1811   22-10: * Fr. Liszt 

Fr. Schubert: first Lieder
(H): The Luddite movement is formed in Nottingham by laborers concerned about the loss of jobs due to automation.

(A): Goethe: "Dichtung und Wahrheit".
1812 Johann Gottlieb Lortzing, father of Albert, gave up his tannery and made his debut (on January, 4th) as an actor in Breslau.  Now Johann Gottlieb (and his wife) made their living as actors until July, 9th 1812. 27-04: *Fr. von Flotow

Beethoven 7th & 8th symphonies 
(H) Napoleon retreats from Moscow

Jacob (1785 - 1863) and Wilhelm (1786 - 1859) Grimm: "Kinder- und Hausmärchen".

George Byron (1788 - 1824): "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage"
1813 Albert and his parents until September in Coburg (director: Hain [Hellwig ] ); where he lives Gerberstraße 6. Then from 24 sept. 1813 until June 1814 in Bamberg with director Carl August Freiherr von Lichtenstein. 22-05: *R. Wagner

24-09: +A.E.M. Grétry

10-10: *G. Verdi
16-19 - Oct: Prussia and Russia conquer the French army at Leipzig.

Abdication of Napoleon.

(A): Jane Austen (1775 - 1817): "Pride and Prejudice".
1814 Albert and his parents in Strasbourg, where Lichtenstein fails to manage his ensemble successfull. Albert becomes acquainted with the Music student Carl Gollmick.

Probably this year (or 1815) the Lortzing family step over to the ensemble "Schäffer, Koch und Nuth", directed by Dengler in Freiburg (Breisgau).
F. Schubert: Gretchen am Spinnrad. Napoleon to Elba.

22-09: Congress of Vienna.

(A): Sir Walter Scott: "Waverley"

01-12: *August Röckel
1815   Invention of the metronome.

Schubert: Erlkönig; 3rd symphony.
Battle of Waterloo

26-09: Holy Alliance between Russia, Austria and Prussia 
1816 Lortzing-family in Baden-Baden, where the company ("Schäffer, Koch und Nuth") performed during the summer. They live at he house of the tanner Ignaz Kah, house nr. 132.

LoWV 3: Chor und Tanz zu August von Kotzebue "Der Schutzgeist".
03-08: E.T.A. Hoffmann: "Undine", first performed in Berlin.

01-09: Ludwig Spohr: "Faust" first performed in Prague.

G. Rossini: The Barber of Seville, Otello

Schubert: 4th & 5th symphonies.
 
1817 From the 1st of September the Lortzing family has a contract with Josef Derossi, who directed the ABC - Theater in Aachen, Bonn, Cologne, Düsseldorf and Elberfeld.  18-10: +Etienne-Nicolas Méhul.

Muzio Clementi (1752 - 1832): Gradus ad Parnassum.
18 & 19 Oct: "Wartburgfest" by the "Deutschen Burschenschaften" in Eisenach.

(A): Byron: Manfred.
1818 14-11: Lortzing's first appearance as village constable Stüßi in Schiller's "Wilhelm Tell" at the theatre in Aachen. Lortzing's parents also have roles in this play, and so has Rosina Ahles.    
1819 From now on Albert Lortzing appeared on the stage as "Jugendlicher Liebhaber" in comic plays and as Tenor and Baritone in opera's. 20-06: *Jacques Offenbach.

Schubert: "Forellen" Quintett 
23-03: Karl Ludwig Sand, a student in theology, murdered August Kotzebue.

(H): First steamship crosses Atlantic. 

(A); Scott: "Ivanhoe"
1820 09-10: LoWV 4: Thema mit Variationen; Cor and Orch.   (A): Shelley: "Prometheus unbound"

(A): Blake: "Jerusalem"

(A): A. Lamartine: "Méditations poétiques"
1821   C.M. von Weber (1786 - 1826): Der Freischütz (f.p. 18-06 in Berlin).

Beethoven: Sonates opp 110, 111.
War of independence of Greece against Turkish domination (1821 - 1827).

(H) Faraday's electric motor and generator. 
1822 June: LoWV 5: Hymne "Dich preist, Allmächtiger".

13-07: LoWV 6: Air for Ferdinand Fränzl's opera Carlo Fioras "Es ist ein gar wunderlich seltsames Ding".

July: LoWV 7: "Cupido nahm sich einstens für"; song for Bass and Orch.

LoWV 8 "Ein Hirtenmädchen schön zum malen"; song for one voice and guitar.
Beethoven: Missa Solemnis

Schubert: Unfinished symphony
 
1823   28-07: L. Spohr "Jessonda" in Kassel

25-10: C.M.v.Weber: "Euryanthe" in Vienna.

Beethoven 9th symphony

Schubert: "Die schöne Müllerin".

Diabelli: Variations
(H): Monroe Doctrine 
1824 30-01: Marriage Albert Lortzing with Rosina Regina Ahles (b 10-12-1800, d. 14-06-1854)

LoWV 9: Singspiel "Ali Pascha von Janina".

04-12: *Bertha ("Puppeschen") Lortzing, A's first child.

The Lortzing family, Albert, his parents and Rosina contracted by Ringelhardt, whose company performed in Cologne, Aachen and Bonn.
24-12: *Peter Cornelius  (H): Charles X of France crowned 
1825 Albert, Rosina and his parents appear together on stage in the first performance of the translation by Schlegel of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet. 03-05: D.F.E. Auber: Le Macon in Paris (german "Maurer und Schlosser")

10-12: Boieldieu: La Dame Blanche in Paris

Beethoven: Quartetts opp 127, 132.

Felix Mendelssohn: String octet
(H): Erie Canal opened.

(H): Ludwig I of Bavaria crowned

(A): A. Pushkin (1799 - 1837): "Boris Godunov".
1826 Jan: LoWV 10: "Ein Mädchen hold den Sänger liebt", additional song to the play: "Viola, oder die Vorschau" by Freiherr von Auffenberg.

18-02: *Charlotte Albertina (Bertha/Berthelchen) Rosina Lortzing; A's second child.

24-02: LoWV 11: Additional song to Auber's "Der Schnee".
12-04: C.M. von Weber: Oberon (London).

05-06: + C.M. von Weber

Beethoven: Quartetts opp. 130, 135;
Fr. Schubert: "Die Winterreise";
Mendelssohn: Midsummer Night's Dream Overture.
(A): James F. Cooper (1789-1851): "The last of the Mohicans". 
  01-11: Albert and his wife were engaged for the Detmold Hoftheater directed by A. Pichler, which also played in Münster, Osnabrück and Bad Pyrmont (in summer), until 31-10-1833 (Rosina until 31-07-1833).

07-11: Rosina's first appearance on stage in "Drei Wahrzeichen" by Clauren.

09-11: Albert's first appearance in "Johanna von Montfaucon" by August von Kotzebue. After this Albert performs also as a Tenor and a Baritone in Operas.
   
1827 09-03: * Caroline Rosalie, A's third child. 

20-09: + Caroline Rosalie.
Beethoven: Quartett op. 131.

26-03: + L.v. Beethoven 
Founding of the Mormon Church

(A): Heinrich Heine (1797 - 1856): Buch der Lieder.
1828 01-02: First performance "Ali Pascha von Jenina" (LoWV 9, composed in 1823/24) in Münster (Hoftheatergesellschaft Detmold).

08-03: *Caroline (Lina) Elisabeth Henriette Charlotte Lortzing, A's fourth child.

24-03: First performance of Dr Sachs' lyrical play "Die Hochfeuer oder die Veteranen" in Münster by the Hoftheatergesellschaft Detmold, with additional music by Lortzing (LoWV 12).

24-03: LoWV 13: Jubelouverture

24-03: LoWV 14: Song zu Friedrich Schiller's "Wallensteins Lager".

15-11: First performance of "Die Himmelfahrt Jesu Christi" (LoWV 15) in Münster, City Theatre.
29-02:  D.F.E. Auber: "La muette de Portici" (Paris).

29-03: H. Marschner: "Der Vampyr" (Leipzig).

19-11: + Franz Schubert
 
1829 29-04: "Don Juan und Faust", a tragedy by Christian Dietrich Grabbe, with additional music by Lortzing (LoWV 16), first performed in Detmold.

April: LoWV: "Acht Lieder" (Eight Songs), written for the the Lodge "Zum goldenen Rade" in Osnabrück.

25-09: *Julie Eleonore Charlotte Luise Lortzing, Albert's fifth child.
16-02: + Fr.J. Gossec

03-08: First performance Guillaume Tell (G. Rossini) in Paris.

22-12: Heinrich Marschner: "Der Templer und die Jüdin" (Leipzig).
29-08: First performance of Johann Wolfgang Goethe's "Faust" in Weimar. Caroline Lortzing, Albert's cousin, played Gretchen. 

(H); Independence of Greece.

(H): Typewriter invented by William Austin Burt.

(A) James Mill: Analysis of the Mind.
1830 19-12: First performance of "Die Jagd" (LoWV20), after J.A. Hiller in Detmold.  28-01: D.F.E. Auber: "Fra Diavolo" (Paris).

Mendelssohn: Lieder ohne Worte
26/27-07: July Revolution in France. Fall of Charles X; founding of the constituional monarchy with Louis Philipp von Orléans.

First railroad, Liverpool to Manchester.

From August to January 1831: revolts in several German States.

29-11: Poland in revolt against Russian oppression.

(A): V. Hugo: Hernani.

(A): Stendhal: Le Rouge et le Noir.
1831 February: Choral "Auf ihr Brüder! Senkt ihn nieder!", (LoWV 21) written for Franz Grillparzer's tragedy: "Die Ahnfrau".

27-03: *Carl Theodor Lortzing and his twin brother Johann Heinrich Lortzing, numbers six and seven of Albert's children.

April: LoWV 22: music for the romantic play "Der Löwe von Kurdistan" by Josef Freiherr von Auffenberg.

June: LoWV 23: Pot-pourri for Horn and Orchestra.
06-03: V. Bellini (1801 - 1835): La Sonnambula in Milan. 

21-11: G. Meyerbeer: Robert le Diable in Paris.

26-12: V. Bellini: Norma in Milan.
08-09: Suppressing of Polish revolution and fall of Warsaw. 

(H): William Lloyd Garrison founds "The Liberator"; beginning of anti-slavery movement.

(A): V. Hugo: Notre Dame de Paris.
1832 09-05: "Yelva, oder: Die Stumme", play by Theodor Hell, with additional music (LoWV 24) by Lortzing, first performed at the theatre in Pyrmont.

Performance of four Singspiels, written and assembled from other composer's music by Lortzing: "Der Pole und sein Kind" (LoWV 25; f.p. 11-10-1832, Osnabrück), Der Weihnachtsabend, with three of Lortzing's children in the cast (LoWV 26; f.p. 21-12-1832 in Münster), "Szenen aus Mozarts Leben" (LoWV 28; with only music by Mozart; f.p. 18-04-1834) and "Andreas Hofer" (LoWV 27). The last work was forbidden by censorship and not performed until 14-04-1887 (in an adapted edition by Nikolaus von Reznicek) in Mainz.

27-11: + Johann Heinrich Lortzing, A's 7th child.
Fr. Chopin: Etudes op. 10; Mazurkas op. 6.

Mendelssohn: Hebrides Overture

Rossini: Stabat Mater.

G. Donizetti: L'Elisir d'Amore.
22-03: + J.W. von Goethe 

12-05 "Hambacher Fest" in Neustadt (Pfalz). Mass-demonstration for civil freedom and unity.

05-07: The German Federal Diet decides "Massregeln zur Aufrechterhaltung der gesetzlichen Ordnung und Ruhe im Deutschen Bund", which means: to tighten up censorship and prohibition of political associations.
1833 27-03: +Julie Eleonore Charlotte Luise Lortzing, A's fifth child. (*.25-09-1829)

24-09: * Twin-sisters Anna Charlotte Henriette (+23-02-1900) and Therese Franziska (Fränzchen) (+ 22-01-1881).

01-11: Lortzing and his wife with Friedrich Ringelhardt in Leipzig. 

03-11: Lortzing played the leading role in "Der Schachmaschine", with R. Wagner's sister Rosalie.

08-11: Rosina makes her debut in Leipzig, playing Camilla in the tragedy "Das Bild" by Christoph Ernst Houwald.

11-11: Lortzing applies for membership of the "Tunnel-Gesellschaft" ("Tunnel über der Pleiße"), a lower-middle-class society, where he met Heinrich Laube and Karl Herloßsohn.
For his friends of the "Tunnel" he wrote a "Tunnellied": "Die Frauen und Mädchen, wie Rosen so rein" for Tenor solo, Male choir and orchestra.
R. Wagner: "Die Feen". (H): Slavery outlawed in the British Empire.
1834 Lortzing became a member of the lodge: "Balduin zur Linde", where he made friends with Philipp Reger and with Philipp Düringer, who became his first biographer.

January: LoWV 29: Song "Süsse Erinnerung" for Nestroy's "Lumpaci-Vagabundus".

Sept: Lortzing plays star-part as actor at the Court Theatre in Weimar. Here he met J.N. Hummel, conductor of the theatre. (Letter VN:59, 09-02-1835).

28-11: Johann Strauß performed in Leipzig; Lortzing attended the concert and was impressed.
13-01: "Das Nachtlager von Granada" (C. Kreutzer) in Vienna.

08-10: + F.A. Boieldieu.

H. Berlioz: "Harold in Italy".

Neue Zeitschrift für Musik founded by Robert Schumann
(H) 01-01: Constitution of German tariff union under Prussian hegemony. 

McCormick patents mechanical reaper.
1835 June: Composition of LoWV Quodlibet "Als ich noch einer Knabe". 

20-06 until
01-07: Lortzing plays several star-parts in Berlin, amongst others Karl
v. Ruf in "Der Schachmaschine".


14-07: First
performance of "Der reisende Student" by Louis Schneider in Leipzig, Stadttheater.
Lortzing played one of his famous roles
(Mauser) and his mother played Margarete. Lortzing wrote a duett for this
play, "Komm folg er mir, ich räume ihm", LoWV 32, for the second act.
G. Donizetti: "Lucia
di Lammermoor".


V. Bellini: "I Puritani".
 
1836 Composition
of "Die Schatzkammer des Ynka", LoWV 36.
19-02: G. Meyerbeer:
"Les Huguenots", in Paris.


29-03: R. Wagner: "Das Liebesverbot",
in Magdeburg.


13-10: A. Adam: "Le Postillon de
Lonjumeau" in Paris.


09-12: M. Glinka: "Iwan Sussanin
- A Life for the Tsar", in Petersburg.


Fr. Chopin: Ballades Op. 23.
(H) Independence of Texas.

(A): Houses of Parliament in London
designed by Sir Charles Barry


(A): Charles Dickens: "The Pickwick
Papers".


(A): 12-09: + Chr.D.
Grabbe
.
1837 20
February: First performance of "Die beiden Schützen", LoWV35, in Leipzig.
The success of this work made Lortzing famous as a composer.


22 December:
First performance of "Zar und Zimmermann", LoWV38. 
H. Berlioz: "Requiem".

Fr. Liszt: "Années de Pélerinage".
(H): Telegraph patented
by Samuel F.B. Morse. 


(H): Queen Victoria crowned.

(H): 24-04: Trial run for the rail
road from Leipzig to Athens.
1838 February:
Composition of "Warme-weeche-Bretzel- Walzer", LoWV 39, for orchestra,
intended for a performance at the Tunnel Society. 
R. Schumann: "Kinderszenen",
Kreisleriana".


02-03: J. Offenbach: "Pascal et
Chambord" (Vaudeville) in Paris.


10-10: H. Berlioz: "Benvenuto Cellini"
in Paris.
(H): Louis-Jacques Daguerre
(1789 - 1851) invents a process of making photographs, known as daguerreotypes.
A dagguerreotype of Lorzting with his friend
Philipp Reger
is made in 1844.


(A): F. Delacroix: "The Capture
of Constantinopel".
1839 20-09:
First performance of "Caramo oder das Fischerstechen", LoWV 41, in Leipzig,
Stadttheater. 
F. Chopin: "Préludes
Op. 28".


H. Berlioz: "Romeo and Juliet".

R. Schumann: "Nachtstücke".
(A): Edgar Allen Poe
(1809 - 1849): "Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque".
1840 23-06:
First performance of "Hans Sachs", LoWV 43, in Leipzig.
11-02: G. Donizetti:
"The Daughter of the Regiment". 


05-09: G. Verdi: "Un Giorno di Regno
in Milan.
(H): First incandescent
lightbulb. 


(H): 24-06 to 26-06: celebration
of 400 anniversary of the invention of the art of printing by Gutenberg
in Leipzig
1841 23-02:
* Marie Lortzing, A's tenth child.


02-12: Johann
Gottlieb, Lortzing's father, died.


31-12: First
performance of "Casanova", LoWV 50, in Leipzig, Stadttheater.
R. Schumann: Symphony
1 & 4. 
Invention of the saxophone
by Adolphe Sax. 
1842 01-04:
+Marie Lortzing (A's tenth child, b. 23-02-1841)


28/29-08:
50th anniversary of the amateur theatrical company "Urania" in Berlin.
Lortzing's parents were members of this company since its founding in 1792.
Lortzing composed the music for Heinrich Schmidt's occasional play "Urania's
Festmorgen" (LoWV55), first performance 29-08-1842.


11-11: First
performance of the "Schiller-Kantate" LoWV57 at the third Schiller-festival
in Leipzig.


31-12: Der
Wildschütz, LoWV 58, in Leipzig, Stadttheater. 
09-03: G. Verdi: "Nabucco"in
Milan.


15-03: + L. Cherubini

20-10: R. Wagner: "Rienzi" in Dresden.

09-12: M. Glinka: "Russlan and Ludmilla"
in Petersburg
 
1843 20-03:
Lortzing succeeds Christian August Pohlenz (who died on 10-03) as musical
director of the Tunnel Society.
02-01: R. Wagner's "Der
fliegende Holländer" in Dresden.


03-01: G. Donizetti's "Don Pasquale"
in Paris.
23-01: + Friedrich de
la Motte Fouqué. 
1844 12-05:
Sebald
Ringelhardt
retired from the Leipziger Stadttheater. The new director,
Dr.
Carl Christian Schmidt
appointed Lortzing to "Kapellmeister". He began
his new career as a conductor with a performance of Mozart's Don Giovanni
on 10 August.
30-12: Friedrich von
Flotow's "Alessandro Stradella" in Hamburg. 
04/05-06: Revolt of the
Weaver of Silesia at Peterswaldau and Langenbielau. 
1845 15-03:
*Philipp Viktor Ferdinand Johannes (Hans), Lortzing's 11th child. (+27-11-1907)


21-04: first
performance of "Undine", LoWV 64, in Magdeburg, 25 April: first performance
in Hamburg, under Lortzing's direction.
15-02: G. Verdi: Giovanna
d'Arco in Milan.


19-10: R. Wagner's Tannhäuser
in Dresden.
12-08: Bartolomäusnacht
in Leipzig. 
1846 Back
in Leipzig, Lortzing was dismissed from his post. Franz Pokorny invited
him to the "Theater an der Wien", where he became Kapellmeister, together
with Franz von Suppé. 


30-05: Der
Waffenschmied, LoWV 66, in Vienna, Theater an der Wien. 


8 December:
Charlotte Sophie, Lortzing's mother, died.
   
1847 13-12:
Zum Großadmiral, LoWV 74, in Leipzig, Stadttheater.
1848 Lortzing
wrote his Revolutionary opera, Regina, LoWV 83. It was never produced in
his lifetime, due to the liberal subject. 
1849 25-05:
Rolands Knappen, LoWV 85, in Leipzig, Stadttheater. 
1850 April:
Kapellmeister at the Berlin Friedrich-Wilhelmstadt Theater. However, this
engagement would terminate on 1 February 1851.
1851 20-01:
"Die Opernprobe", LoWV91, Lortzings last opera,  performed in Frankfurt
am Main. Lortzing lay ill in bed, unable to pay his doctor's fees.


21-01: Lortzing
died in Berlin.


21-01: Performance
of the play "Müller und Schulze oder: Die Einquartierung" by Rudolf
Genée at the Friedrich-Wilhelmstädtischen Theater in Berlin.
Lortzing composed "Das Lied vom 9. Regiment", LoWV 103, as an additional
song for this performance, according to Schirmag Lorzting's last composition.


16-02: Benefit-performance
at the National-Theater an der Wien in Vienna dedicated to the widow and
orphans of Lortzing. 
1852
1853
1854 13-06:
Death of Rosina Regina, Albert's wife.